Have you ever wondered why some people apply for a job using a CV whereas others use a resume? Why do others apply using both documents? There is a difference between the two documents and most of the time; they have been used interchangeably, albeit that should not be the case. This information enhances your understanding of the differences between the cv writing and a resume as well as stressing the importance of writing a cv and editing. The first thing is to define what a CV is:
A CV or Curriculum Vitae is a Latin word or phrase that means a course of life. An in-depth document can take two or more pages. It contains information that highlights the highest levels of achievements and a detail, which goes beyond your career biography. It should cover your education and as well as any other achievement like publications, awards, honours and so on.
It tends to take a chronological order and makes it easy to get an overview of a person’s full working career. Curriculum vitae are static and do not change for different positions as would the cover letter.
With a resume, it is a concise document typically a single page since the reader is not meant to dwell on the document for long. The objective is to make you stand out from the rest of the applicants. Every job seeker adapts a resume for every job position. The change of resume to fit the application is because one wants to tailor its needs to meet specific criteria for a particular post. It does not have to follow a chronological order, does not have to cover your entire career history, and is a highly customizable document.
The differences between a CV and a Resume
From the above explanation, it is easy to infer that the major difference between a resume and CV is the length, the purpose and the layout. A resume summarises your skills and experience over one of two pages. Curriculum Vitae is a detailed document that goes beyond two pages. A resume is tailored to meet the needs of a particular job post whereas a CV stays put and any changes made will be in the cover letter.
When writing a cv, you follow clear chronology of listing of the applicants’ career life in its entirety. The information in the resume can be changed and shuffled to suit the applicant. In other words, a CV is a full record of your career history, and a resume is a brief, targeted list of skills and achievements.
CV usage around the globe
In countries like UK, New Zealand, and Ireland, a writing a cv is used in every context. Resumes are not used at all. Mainland Europe utilises the CV, and there is even a European CV format that you can find on the internet.
Canada and US citizens mostly use CV when they are applying for a job overseas. In Germany, CVs are known as Lebenslauf is one of the many application documents job seekers in Germany have to produce just to secure an interview.
In South Africa, India and Australia, CV and resumes are used interchangeably. The term resume is mostly used to apply for jobs in the private sector while the CV is used commonly when applying for a public service post.
Putting class projects on a CV
It is a good idea to put general projects during cv writing if they are relevant, recent, and good. This applies to class projects too. If you have just graduated and you do not have much experience, you can include these projects when writing a cv. If you have non-class projects, that might work better since they indicate a more genuine interest although they might not have that much of a difference.
Writing your Curriculum Vitae for your job
Many people work on their curriculum vitae every time they are applying for a job. However, not everyone knows what to include or to leave out. The good thing is, writing a cv takes a lot more information as opposed to a resume. This gives you a chance to include every relevant detail that would propel you ahead of others as you seek this important job. Here is why, when and how you are going to use your CV and the formatting guidelines.
When to use Curriculum Vitae
Curriculum Vitae commonly referred to as a CV is used when you are applying for academic, scientific or research position. It is also used when one is applying for grants or fellowship programs. When you are looking for a job outside your country, it is better to use a CV as opposed to a resume because overseas employers expect to read the type of information found on the CV that would never be found on a resume. The information can include the date of birth, place of birth, nationality and so on.
The information required in a Curriculum Vitae
The most obvious information in cv writing is your name, contact information, education, skills, and experience. Additionally, include research and teaching experience, publications, presentations, grants and fellowships, professional association, honours and awards and any other information that is relevant to the position you are applying for. Again, this information may vary especially in countries where CV and resume are used interchangeably. You can start by listing all your background information; the classify it into categories. If you have publications, you have to include their dates
Personal information to include in your CV include; nationality, marital status, age and number of children. For age and children, this is optional information an only include it if it is relevant to what you are applying for, or if it is required. You also add personal interest like hobbies, education history, professional photo (preferably a headshot}.
In some countries, you will include your date of birth in your Curriculum Vitae. The best thing to do if you are applying for a foreign job is to research the country’s job application protocol.
Customizing your Curriculum Vitae
After you have listed all the information that you want to include when writing a cv, it is important that you customise it to highlight specific experiences that you possess and are relevant to the post for which you are applying. It takes time to come up with a custom CV, but it is worth time and effort. This is applicable if you are seeking a job that matches your skills and experience.
You can use accomplishment oriented bullets that start with an action verb and the include a result. Start with a professional profile or summary highlighting the best of you as the ideal candidate for the job. Edit your content so that it matches the areas of expertise, knowledge, and skills that specifically match the requirements of that job. Not all the details of your education and employment history are relevant to anything you are applying for.
Ensure that you choose the right cv writing format that matches the position you are applying for. For instance, if you are applying for a fellowship, there is no need to include personal information that is found on international curriculum vitae.
You may have limited experience but you are a prospective employee who is ready to make his contribution to the prosperity of the company. You have to consider familiarity with the working s of the HR system to enable you to show your value as an entry-level worker. If this is your problem, you only need to be writing a cv that is going to highlight your best qualities and optimise the keywords in that application. It will be easier for you to pass the HR selection.
Ensure that your CV has a professional summary and objectives that represent all-important information to catch the eye of your prospective employer. Information that touches on education, projects, and training is important, and will enhance your chances of receiving a class for an interview.
With a good CV, you need not worry about the experience that every employer wants his or her candidates to have. You can write your CV in a manner that will warrant the employer to give you a call because they won't to meet you in person. Write your CV in a manner that will enhance its ability to serve its purpose.
It is prudent of you to ask for assistance when you are writing your CV. Noe everyone knows how to go about it. If you are a first-time job seeker, you probably do not have the required expertise in writing a cv. Ask for help from someone who has gone that path before to assist you in putting your things together. Others utilise the services of professional CV writers. Whatever it takes, ensure that your curriculum vitae will be read by whoever is your prospective employer.
If you have written it on your own, let somebody else go through it and suggest some changes that will be necessary for making it look professional.