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A financial analysis is a paper that contains the details of the company’s financial health. Even though the firm’s history, financial statements and stock performance can summarize various aspects of its financial performance, the financial analysis paper incorporates all the info into a comprehensive form. A financial analysis paper helps lenders, investors and financial analysts to determine if a business can deliver a solid return on investment.

How to write a financial analysis paper

Composing a company’s comprehensive financial analysis helps investors to determine whether to invest in the business. while there is no specific approach to write the document and its presentation styles tend to vary, the key components must be incorporated on any financial analysis. Once all the component of a financial analysis has been carefully reviewed, a conclusion can be made regarding the financial health of a particular business.

A good financial analysis should have an executive summary

An executive summary section comprises the most significant results from the financial analysis in a concise and easy-to-read format. This section encapsulates the data presented in the rest of the report, comprising the implications those statistics have in the industry in a general and the company at large. The summary section can comprise brief summaries of the firm’s mission, history, current performance, and expected outlook. Additionally, the section will include a summary if the firm’s industry, market situation and competition.

Financial statement

Bear in mind that the core of a good financial analysis paper is the collection of the firm’s financial statements. The statements include the balance sheet, equity statement, income statement and cash flow statement. The balance sheet will display the firm’s allocation of assets, liabilities and shareholder’ equity. On the other hand, the income statement will display the firm’s income, expenditure, losses and profits. The equity statement is used to show the changes in the amount of shareholder’s equity while the cash flow will stipulate where the firm obtained its cash and how it was spent.

Industry analysis

It is evident that no business exists in a vacuum and for this reason, a financial analysis should have an examination of the firm’s industry. The report will consist of a clear comparison between the firm’s financial health and that of its competitors. Additionally, it will report the firm’s market share and prominence in the industry. All these factors assist the investors to determine if the form is competing well in its industry and could make a lucrative investment.

Financial ratios

Financial ratios help in revealing various significant aspects such as the company’s liquidity, debt load and efficiency. The current liquidity ratio is referred to as the ratio of the firm’s current assists to its current liabilities. On the other hand, the debt ratio is the ratio of the firm’s total debt to its total equity, while the return ratio weighs a company’s profits against its shareholder’s equity. The price to income ratio can be computed by dividing the present market price per share by the after tax income per share.

The basics of a professional financial analysis paper

The procedure of writing a professional financial analysis paper can be instrumental in ensuring that an investor gets all the information needed when researching a business. below is an outline of the primary sections to ponder when composing a financial analysis paper for a certain company.

The business overview

A good financial paper must begin with a description of the business so that it can assist investors understand the company, its industry, its motivation and any advantage it has over its competitors. Note that these aspects play a vital role in assisting to explain if a business can be lucrative venture or not. A company’s annual report with securities and exchange commission tend to offer a perfect starting points.

Investment thesis

The incentive for bullish or bearish stance on a firm is uncovered in this part. It can come at the top of a report include parts of a firm overview, but regardless of its position in an analysis must cover the primary investment negatives and positives. A fundamental analysis that contains the financial statements like sales and profit growth trends, cash flow generation strength, debt level and company’s liquidity can be included in the investment thesis. Note that no information is too insignificant in this section since it can as well cover efficiency ratios like the core components in the cash conversion cycle, turnover ratios and detailed breakdown of return on equity components.

The most vital component of analyzing previous growth trends is to synthesize it into a forecast of the business’s performance. A good financial analysis paper will help analyst to accurately extrapolate the past trends into the future. Additionally, it helps them decide which aspects are more significant in defining success for a business.


The most significant section of any financial analysis is to arrive to an independent value for the stock and compare this to the current market price. However, there are three key valuation techniques you need to ponder. The first one is the discount cash flow analysis that helps in estimating the business’s future cash flow and discount them back to the future at a projected discount rate. The second one is the relative value where the fundamental metrics and valuation ratios such as price to sales ratio, price to income ratio and P/E to business growth ratio are compared competitors. Another key contrast is to consider is what other competitors have been out for or the price paid for a purchase. The last technique is looking at the book value and try to estimate what the business may be worth if it collapses or liquidated.

Key risks and other considerations

The part can be either the bull or bear story in the investment thesis, but it helps to detail the key aspects that might disrupt either an optimistic or bearish stance. The above mentions sections can prove sufficient, but based on the things that are covered during a financial analysis, other new parts may be included in the paper. Parts that are meant to cover corporate governance, political environment or near-term news flow can be worthy of a comprehensive financial analysis paper. Bear in mind that anything significant that can affect the future value of a stock must be included in the paper.