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Writing is abroad aspect that has different things that one ought to learn about. Most importantly, it gives one the ability to choose a niche that he thinks best suits his skills. One can specialise in any writing especially during their college years. To name a few, writing encompasses, research writing, essay writing, fiction, and non-fiction writing, dissertations, term papers, book reports, movie reviews, non chronological reports and so on. Here, the focus will mainly be on writing non-chronological reports because it is an assignment that is not very common. As such, no many people know what it is nor are they able to write one.

Since writing gives one a chance to choose what h can specialize in, by the end of this blog, you will have an idea of what is involved in non-chronological reports as well as the process of coming up with one. Remember that in writing, you need not worry about the process, but the skills you need to gain before you can start writing anything. With non-chronological reports, it is the same thing.  By now, the biggest question in your mind is; what is a non-chronological report?

Defining non chronological reports

As it were, non-chronological reports are pieces of writing with nonfiction text and provide information on a specific subject. It derives its name because it gives information without refer to the order in which things took place. In other words, non-chronological reports defy time order. The introduction of this report must provide the audience with an idea of what will be discussed. When writing non-chronological reports, it is crucial to avoid the first person pronoun. Phrases like “I am writing a report about…” or “my report is going to…” are not supposed to be used.

You have to organize the notes of your non-chronological reports into major ideas, and subheadings. Every paragraph that you write in your non chronological reports is supposed to shelf a single idea.Just like other types of writing, you do not discuss two ideas in one paragraph. The idea here refers to the topic sentence of the paragraph, which must connect to the main idea of your non chronological reports.

Using Subheadings

When using subheadings during the process of writing non-chronological reports, it makes it easy for you to remember every part of the topic. As such, you can incorporate details that are necessary for every paragraph. The ideas that you have should have a logical flow. The non-chronology here only refers to the way the events unfold, and as earlier stated, this report does not follow the order in which the events unfolded. However, that does not mean your report will be illogical. Since you are telling a story, you have to make sure that the way you explain these events in your non chronological reports flows sensibly. The progression of thought must be evident.

The language

The language that you when writing non-chronological reports is supposed to be impersonal. As such, instead of employing the first person pronoun, you can use business-like language in this report. The information you provide in this report must also be factual. You can also use some descriptive phrases to add more interest and to keep your readers engaged with your report. More so, the language features also focus on generics, a description that incorporates comparison and contrast. The idea here is to create precision instead of emotion or effect in the entire report. Your chronological reports ought to be written in third person pronoun instead of the first or second person pronoun.

The conclusion

Just like any other type of writing, the conclusion of your non-chronological reports is supposed, to sum up, every major point that you have discussed therein.  Some of the information that is included in your non-chronological reports comprise of the following:

  • Explanation

This expounds on a specific process, which happens or happened in a specific order. For instance, it can be about battle events or moments leading up to it.

  • Recount

Here, you are simply retelling something that has an order of time. The event you are retelling has to have happened in real life.Like a trip to the museum or the life of the president of your country.

  • Instructions

In your report, you include numbered points on how to do something. In other words, this is howto report. It could be a recipe that tells about how you can cook some food.

The above information may deviate a little from non-chronological reports even though they explore single topics.  The report has to include different aspects of the topic. Children can be required to write or read non-chronological reports about anything. It can be about a country, a plant, an animal, sort or even a planet and so on.

Structuring your non chronological report

When writing non-chronological reports, you need to use the following format as a structure. It includes the following components:

The Title

The title also doubles up as the topic of your non-chronological reports. Just like any other form of writing, you ought to have a captivating article since it is the first thing the audience will see. You need to make it fascinating enough to make them want to read the rest of your reports. You need to hook their attention from the onset because the success of this report depends on your ability to write scintillating content.

The Introduction

The introduction of your non-chronological reports what the paper is all about. The attention of the audience is grabbed at this point because it will help him in knowing if he will continue reading the rest of the report or not. The best thing to do when writing this introduction is to use simple and straight forward language. The reader gets an easy understanding of the report. The simplicity of the language that you use while writing non-chronological reports introduction ought to be reflected throughout the rest of your report. However, it is important to ensure you do not veer off the topic and eventually the original purpose of the report.

The Body Paragraphs

When writing non-chronological reports and their body paragraphs, ensure that the ideas appear each in its paragraphs.  In other words, every paragraph must have a topic sentence that it discusses exhaustively. You have to use facts and description in your non-chronological reports as you formulate your details.  You can subdivide your paragraphs into headings and subheadings. This gives the audience an easy time to understand what you are talking about in the report.

With respect to the definition of non-chronological reports, the events you are writing about do not have to follow the chronological order.  Your body paragraphs ought to be written in present continuous tense. On the other hand, if you are writing historical non-chronological reports, they have to appear in the past tense. When still in the process of writing non-chronological reports, ensure you maintain a formal tone and subject-specific vocabulary. Your ideas can use connective words as links. For instance, words such as but, because, so, and, as well as however, can work better.

The Conclusion

The last paragraph of your non-chronological reports ought to summarise your main points. The conclusion provides a sense of closure to the audience. Just like other conclusions in other forms of writing, you are limited with the kind of information you include here. For one, no new information, facts, or evidence that has not been discussed in the report is supposed to be introduced in the concluding paragraph.  It would negate the purpose of the conclusion thereby confusing the audience even more. The sentence that you close within these paragraphs ought to leave an immediate impression on the audience and long-lasting thoughts in their minds.

Citations and Referencing

Just like other academic papers, any information that you use when writing non-chronological reports must follow the right format of citation and reference. Use the right format of writing your report and reference it accordingly. About the format, you are also supposed to create a list of all the sources as you follow the guidelines provides. Ensure that this list falls on a stand alone page.


Sometimes non-chronological reports may require you to include this section. This is where you put the supplementary information that would not fit within the boy of your report. Here, you put tables, charts, graphs and any pictures you might have. The information in the appendices often enhances a clear and better understanding of the report.  The information here should also make sense independently, and as such, you should label them accordingly to enhance clarity.

Progression in non chronological reports

The Purpose

All non-chronological reports describe the way things are and give the audience an understanding of the things in question. They classify the information into different categories, for instance, climate or appearance. They employ a logical structure instead of a temporal one, and that is why they are referred to as non chronological reports. Since they provide precise details, they have to be objective, but the can also biased when there is a selection of information to be included in them.  When in a learning context, non chronological reportsare combined with other types of text. They are found in areas of curriculum,especially in geography and sciences.

The Audience

In most cases, children are supposed to pay attention to, speak, read and write explanations for different audiences. As such, they must consider the varying languages features as well as the structure of the text to fit the audience and the purpose.

Generic Structure

The structure of non-chronological reports mostly is an opening, general classification or a description of a phenomenon. This should be in terms of quality, parts and their functions, habits or uses.

The Knowledge of the Writer

Your knowledge as a writer is crucial to the process of writing non-chronological reports.  Here, you ought to plan the headings in form of notes, use different resources for evidence and information, and select facts from sources to keep the reader interested and to use everything accordingly. As a writer, you need to have excellent writing skill to know how to engage the audience from the start. You need to know what to use in the title to grab the audience’s attention. It can be a question or anything that captures the attention of the reader in the desired way.

When writing non-chronological reports, you ought to maintain clarity as a write to avoiding muddling the reader. You have to use the introduction what you intend to write about, establish a perspective to the audience, and lure them into your work. You ought to be able to use tables, figures, diagrams, pictures, and other resources to bring meaning to the report and use the information to make your non-chronological reports effective.Your report writing skill should help you to formulate a conclusion that creates the relationship between the subject and the evidence you have presented. Even though they are called non chronological reports, they have to be factual. As such, you can use anything, add comments, or use questions to keep the reader engaged.

Editing and Proofreading

The process of writing non-chronological reports is not yet complete without editing and proofreading. You have to fine-tune your work to the required standards. The paper must be formatted in the required style and should be free from any mistakes in grammar, spelling, punctuation, and typos. If you want to achieve progression in your non chronological reports, ensure you speak and listen before reading to increase the ability to evaluate any text.Finally, ensure your report is clear and neat.

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