This is the process of presenting a topic to an audience based a professional or academic field. It can be a demonstration, introduction, lecture, speech, powerpoint presentation all of which are meant to inform, persuade, inspire motivate or build goodwill to present a new idea, product or service. They contain a format that is popularly known as Keynote address.
Every presentation employs different tools with some that allow the presentation to be developed collaboratively. For instance, two geographically apart people can utilise the internet to come up with a presentation. Most of the presentations done utilise the PowerPoint presentation program.
Formulating an effective and successful academic presentation
If you have been invited to a conference and you intend to attend it, it is time you started preparing your presentations. At times, you will even send them an abstract of your paper, and before you know it, you receive your confirmation. You have to impress your audience by sparking conversations that essential in networking.
Every discipline has its expectations as far as the conference paper is concerned. For those students who might want to do a conference presentation, it will be important to consult your professors or anyone else who has done it. The person you consult must know your field. You can learn by observing talks to see what works in a conference context. You must utilise good features you have observed.
The following steps are instrumental when you are preparing your presentation
- Feel free task, observe, and practice the best moves you have seen in the model of paper presentations in your field.
Some of the additional tips may seem obvious and mundane, but they have some level of impact. Speakers who overlook them end up delivering poorly presented an academic paper. The way you pay attention to an oral presentation is different from the way you become attentive to reading a paper. Give the audience the direction of the argument from the onset. Emphasize on the major points and add more variety to grab their attention for the ensure duration you will be presenting.
- Give the major argument early enough as well as the summary
- Re-emphasize using a paraphrase, especially when there are complicated points Make use of phrases like, “Just to sum up”, or “In other words”. These phrases allow the listener to pause on a given point let it sink.
- Utilize visual props and keywords
This helps the presenter to illustrate and offer variety to his arguments. You do not have to read your powerpoint presentation because the audience will get bored. Rest assured in a live presentation; you do not want to bore the audience.
- There are instances when the audience takes time to understand your argument whether in spoken or written form.
As the presenter, you know your argument. Give your audience time to look at the slide, read your points, and take necessary notes. Avoid incorporating too much information into the tie that you have been allotted by rushing through your presentation. The audience might get lost, and this can be quite irritating. Every time you move to a new slide let the audience have a look at it and consume its contents. You also need to give yourself enough time to explain the slide. You have to select and scale your talk properly so that it stays within the timeline that you have been given.
- Read your presentation loudly and severally
Allow yourself to read the presentation loudly either in front of a person or a mirror. The person will be able to give you feedback that touches on the content and form. Seek their feedback on anything that they felt was not clear or easy to follow for you to correct it. If you stumbled on something while you are presenting, go through it repeatedly until it becomes correct.
- If the presentation utilises slides and other media, mark where each clip will appear
This is something you can rehearse as you practice with your presentation
- Project your voice
While you are presenting, it is important you project your voice. When you are projecting your voice, you do not shout. When you project your voice, you speak up during the presentation. Every audience member can hear you. You are supposed to keep your voice to the maximum and maintain it to the end.
- Time yourself within the allotted time
When you go for a presentation of any kind, you have to know the amount of time that you have been allocated. Ensure that you fit the presentation at that time. Overshooting on time can make you miss another opportunity for presentations.
- Relax, breath and enjoy
If you find difficulties in making your presentation, stay calm and relaxed. You can start by concentrating your breathing. Slow it down and ensure that you are breathing fully. Continue pausing for breath occasionally during your presentation. If you manage to relax, the presentation will get better. If you start enjoying yourself, the audience will respond to you easily. You will improve your presentation skills exponentially as well as your confidence.
- If there is an intriguing issue in your presentation and you need help, go for it. If you want to initiate a conversation on an issue, go for it. This can be achieved by closing your presentation with a question or query. Identify the areas of uncertainty, controversy, or interpretive debate. You, therefore, invite the audience to throw their in their opinion on the matter. When your presentation ends with an open-ended statement, it attracts further discourse, attracts questions on your topic, receives comments, and get importance references and contacts from that conference.
If your academic presentation uses proper preparation as the premise, it will create the awareness that reading a paper is a crucial professional, performance. This experience will have a positive impact on you as a person.
Writing your presentation
The process of writing your presentation starts way before you even put pen to pare. The idea development if the first stage of selecting the topic that you is going to deal with in your presentation. You also get to compile all the points you want to include in your presentation. Just like any other form of writing, your presentation should have the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Aim at writing a story that has maximum effect on the audience. The story must convey the message in a way that the audience will understand.
Let your presentation have unique content and structure. However, this is subject to the way to the way you decide to present your ideas.
When you use the format of the introduction, body and conclusion, you are at an advantage. You can subdivide the body paragraphs into three sections. Every sub-section can have a sub-point. When you are using a powerpoint presentation, ensure that there are only three bullet points for that slides. Expand the bullets will through your explanation as you progress in your presentation.
Structure your presentation using the what, why, and how to format
The ‘what’ aspect deals with the primary message. Think of how the message will benefit the audience’s point of view. What are they going to gain? What can they do with the information? What are the benefits?
The ‘why?’ tells them the reason why they are the recipients of that message. They will think about the reason as to why this is the case. This presents answers to the questions they have in their minds, and your presentation is a follow up on what they think. At this point, they will be fully attentive.
The ‘how?’ addresses how they are going to get your suggestions. Give suggestions for possible action as opposed to telling them on how they can act. Close your presentation by providing evidence to what you have just said. Studies, personal examples or statistics can be used to prove that your point is valid.
Edit your presentation
After you have completed every necessary task of making your presentation effective, you can take some time off before you commence editing your draft. When you come back, you will have a fresh mind. Correct every mistake that is in that draft.