All academic projects are separate or collaborative enterprise planned and researched by students. In the academic context, a project may refer to a research assignment that students undertake, and it requires a large amount efforts and more independence than the one involved normal essay assignments. The student has to undertake an independent fact-finding mission, analysis from either the library and internet sources as well as gathering data empirically. The final report that comes from the project is usually a dissertation, which has sections of the paper since its inception, analysis, findings and conclusions.
In the context of project management, a project is a temporary undertaking that is used to create a unique product, service, or result. This context also defines a project as management environment that aims to deliver one or more business products in conformity with the specified business case. A project can also be viewed through the prism of the temporary organisation.
Project objectives must define the target status and the end and is considered necessary to achieve the planned benefits. They use the SMART criteria:
The measurement occurs in the closing stages of the project. However, everyone should be on the lookout for the project progress through monitoring. With the SMART criteria, it is best applied in the incremental-type innovation projects
Let us get back to the academic projects. Many projects in college and high school require an accompanying synthesis or summary that illustrates the main points and findings of the project. It should show the development process of the academic projects as well as any other significant conclusion illustrated by the project. This paper takes a chronological order of contents that allows the writer to reflect on the development and implementation of the project. If you have prepared well through prewriting, the writing process should flow smoothly to ensure the paper comes together easily. When you are writing a project paper, it is important you follow the class guidelines.
Your instructor might require some additional and slightly different components or headings. This makes it important for you to read the instructions of your assignment carefully. If you understand the components of your report, the writing process will be easy.
Creating the outline
Come up with an outline that reflects the major goals of the academic projects. It should include a summary of the project and the conclusion of the project. Label the introduction using the Roman numeral. Write the focus of the project and the central goals that the project will encompass. Brainstorm to develop your thesis statement which should reflect your overall paper argument.
Build on the outline using Roman numerals for every main body paragraph. Every numeral you write for each paragraph should represent a single idea and a single paragraph. Come up with a topic sentence that introduced the reader t the new topic and paragraph. Incorporate any notes r thoughts that reflect your project. If you have a graph and tables or chars for your project, incorporate them into the main body of the outline to reiterate your point.
Conclude your outline with the major points had conclusions from your project. Make use of any graphs, major studies or other material to provide a conclusion that highlights how this project is significant and ideas for further investigations into your topic. The outlined that you have just developed will be very essential when you are writing your project paper.
Organizing your project paper
Your academic projects paper, just like any other form of academic writing must have the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Using the outline that you have just created, you can now start writing your project paper.
- The abstract
If required by your instructor, you have to include this section. It is a summary of your paper. As such, you should include only the key points. This is not supposed to go beyond a single paragraph, and it explains the academic projects, goals, the implementation, and the results. At this point does not reveal any intricate details about the developmental implementation of your project. Do not tell the readers about the steps that are necessary to improve the project at this time. This information will appear in the results and discussion section of your project paper.
This contains the fundamental information that pertains to your project. It should also include background information on why the project was developed. The introduction should also house your thesis, as it is the foundation on which the paper is premised. How and what you write in your introduction will determine the direction of your project paper.
- Literature review
This is where you present the existing discourse of your topic based on what the experts are saying. The kind of literature review you do in these sections should hinge on professional journals, scholarly journals, and articles. It includes an overview of your topic that incorporates the recent discoveries or the challenges to previously held beliefs.
It is crucial to pay attention to the dates of the publications to use in your literature reviews. Do not use an article published in the 90s and present it ad recent discovery. The information you use must be up to date.
- Results and discussions
This section gives you room for the explanation of the academic projects and includes a discussion on how the project was implemented. When you are discussing the results, tell the audience what they can infer from the results. The results may be or may not be what you have hypothesised. If you have relevant charts or graphs, you should include them in these sections.
- Conclusion and recommendations
Conclude your report with a section that highlights the importance of your project. Wrap up your ideas by making recommendations for the next step. For instance, when writing about a battery store to energy on a wind turbine, discuss what changes need to be made to the battery to assists in enhancing a longer storage time.
Common mistakes to avoid
When engaging in any form of academic writing, chances of making mistakes are rife. Sometimes the student finds himself in unpredictable traps that can cost him good grades and this is not good for the academic wellbeing of the student. To be able to write a good academic projects paper that will impress your instructor, here are some of the mistakes you can avoid:
- Inadequate research or lack thereof when developing a thesis statement
A student at times is very busy more stressed by the academic workload. This might make them rush the selection of a subject for their paper. Their focus and connection with the topic can suffer and is evidenced by their writing. It is always important to do your research before you can settle on the best thesis statement for your paper. Good research provides a strong ground for an effective thesis statement that engages the audience to the maximum. The paper becomes successful and serves its purpose.
- Lack of a strong thesis statement
As earlier stated, a strong thesis statement hinges on the amount of research a student has done for his paper. Now that you have selected a subject, you have to formulate your thesis statement. A successful paper depends on the strength of your thesis statement, which gives you a chance to take a stance on an issue. It should be clear and express a single idea. A good thesis statement should elicit a discussion. It should be genuine, compelling and makes the reader want to know more about it in the discussion you have included in your paper.
- Inability to create a connection between a thesis statement and supporting statements
The structure of the paper is meant to allow for easy connection from thesis statement to the supporting statements. These statements are found in the body of the paper. The best academic papers written by students are in effect, a sustained inquiry and a fascinating discussion on a given topic. Your paper must transition well from your thesis statement to the supporting statements. If there is a break down in the flow, the audience will not be Abe to follow your thought progression. This would mean that your paper is ineffective.
- Failure to cite sources properly
Any data that you use from other sources must be cited and referenced accordingly. The guidelines for doing so vary depending on the style of referencing that the instructor prefers. Ensure that you understand each guideline to aid you while you are making citations and referencing. Whether you are writing in MLA, APA or Harvard format, ensure that you understand each guild line because their rules are strict.
When you are away from these common mistakes, you will be able to avoid them especially if you are dealing with an academic projects paper. Rest assured you are on your way to become the best writer.