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Speech

This is a vocalised form of communication that is used by human beings and some animals. It is based on the syntactic combination of items from the lexicon. The words are created using phonetic combinations that utilise a limited source of vowels and consonant speech sound units. There is also gestural, a form of human communication for the deaf that comes in the form of sign language. In some cultures, speech has been used as the premise for written language often with different vocabularies, syntax, and phonetics in a situation called diglossia. Some psychologists have suggested that text to speech, when used in communication, it is internally utilised in mental processes to enhance or organise cognition in the form of an interior monologue.

In other contexts, text to speech has been used in public speaking forums to give talks on different issues. When writing for public speaking, it is not different from other types of writing. The idea is to engage the audience’s attention and convey ideas in a manner that shows logic and uses relevant and reliable evidence and examples to support your points.

When you are writing a speech for public speaking purposes, you have to understand that some situations favour some writing qualities over others. When you are writing your speech, your target audience is the listener. The audience has only one chance to comprehend what you will be talking about as you read it. As such, you have to organise your speech to make it understandable. Another important aspect is that your content and delivery must fit the audience you are addressing.

The Purpose of your Speech

When you have prepared a speech for your public speaking session, you must establish your purpose. People have covered to come to listen to your speech or talk about a specific issue. Understand they have come with a single intention of taking something out of your speech. As the speaker, your purpose is to get the exact reaction that you want, depending on the message that you are sending out and persuasive speech topics are important. Audiences in most cases react in one of the three ways:

  • Feeling
  • Thinking
  • Acting

For instance, eulogies contain information that elicits an emotional response from the audience; college lectures demand the listener to think about a topic from a different prism, protest speeches recommend action that the audiences can take.

When you are establishing the purpose of your speech, think about the following aspects:

  • The lesson you want the audience to learn from your speech
  • If it is an argument, establish why you want them to agree with you
  • If they agree with you, establish why you are giving the speech
  • The benefits that the audience stands to gain from your speech

Creating an effective introduction to your speech

Attention-grabbing hook
If you have persuasive speech topics, you have to consider how you are going to relate to your listeners and get them to relate to your topic. Ensure that you appeal to the audience on a personal level to capture their attention and concern. This increases the chances of a successful speech. You can begin with an anecdote to hook their attention. You can use shocking statistics, asking direct questions, quoting someone famous or enlisting their participation.

Establish context and motive
Elucidate the importance of your topic. Consider the purpose of your text to speech and how you came to deliver it to your audience. Connect the material to a related issue on a large scale, especially those that may sound important to your audience.

Get to the point
Let them know your thesis right away and explain how you are going to support it. Avoid taking too much time developing your introduction and leading up to the thesis statement. This is not a research paper. Move from your introduction to the body of your speech. This will keep the audience interested. You can create suspense in the audience by guessing about your thesis until the end and throwing in the implication of your discussion on them. This might not work well as they might get bored or confused.


Make your speech easy to understand

  • Repeat important points and catchphrases
    When you are giving a long speech, it is important to keep on reminding your audience of the main points that you have made. For instance, you can link an earlier point or key term as you move into or finish a new point. You can address bow the relationship between the new point and the previous point through a discussion in a body paragraph. Using keyword throughout your speech is also important because it makes it easier for your audience to understand and connect information.
  • Incorporate previews and summaries in your speech
  • Use strong transitions
    Good and strong transitions help the listener to see how new information relates to what they have heard so far. If there is a counter-argument in one paragraph, you can use the subsequent paragraph to demolish it.

Helping your audience listen

  • Maximize on short and simpler sentences
    Avoid complications when you are asking your audience to remember everything you say. Do not use too many subordinate clauses. Place subjects and verbs together.
  • Limit your use of pronouns
  • Not every audience will be able to remember or figure out what ‘it’, ‘they’, or ‘this’ refers to. You have to be specific by using a key noun instead of unclear pronouns.

Maintaining the interest of the audience

  • Include the rhetorical strategies of ethos, pathos and logos
    When arguing a point use the ethos, logos and pathos to appeal to your audience and make your point stronger. Ethos addresses the audience by establishing the authenticity and trustworthiness of a speaker. When you use pathos, you are appealing to the emotions of the audience. When you use logos, you appeal to the audience by using statistic, facts, and logical argumentation. An effective speech combines all the three rhetorical strategies.
  • Quotations and statistics should be used sparingly
    Include the statistical material that is factual and most stringing to support your arguments. They are some of their things that will stick in the minds of the audience long after you have finished your speech. If you fail to do this, you might overwhelm your listeners with too much information.
  • Watch your tone
    Do not try to talk over the heads of your audience and do not be condescending either. In fact, when you are grabbing their attention, do not yell, curse, or use inappropriate humour. Do not brandish a potentially offensive prop because that will only turn your audience against you.

Creating an effective conclusion to your speech

  • Restate your main point, not repeating them
    Restating your main point implies that you emphasise it using different words and without negating the meaning. Do not repeat what they already know
  • Call to action
    Most speeches close with an appeal to the audience to take action depending on their new knowledge and understanding. To do this, you have to be sure about the action you recommend. It should be specific and realistic. If you can relate the purpose of your speech to their lives, you create a connection with them and reiterate the importance of your text to speech to them in the grand scheme of things.

How to practice for effective speech presentation
After you have finished your draft, read it to a friend or in front of a mirror. Once you finish reading, as yourself the following questions:

  • Which pieces of your speech information are most clear?
  • Where does the speech connect with the audience?
  • Where might the audience lose the thread of the major argument or description?
  • Where does the speech potentially bore the audience?
  • Where do I have trouble speaking in a clear and emphatic manner?
  • Is the speech within the time limit?

When writing your speech, consider the following:

  • Write like you talk
    A text to speech is not an essay, and people are going to listen not read. As such, make it more conversational
  • Pick your main ideas
    Do not try to use too many ideas in one speech. Chances of people remembering everything from a speech are very slim. Give them two or three persuasive speech topics that they can think of.

If you can establish the purpose of your text to speech, you know your target audience; now you have the knowledge of how you write a good speech.

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