Syntheses refer to a discussion that draws one or multiple sources. It depends on your ability to deduce relationships among sources like articles, essays, fiction as well as non-written sources like lectures, interviews, and observations. It, not a new process since you have synthesised information at some point, for instance when you read a piece from a newspaper and something you have observed, you have also synthesised the teaching styles between your favourite and least favourite professor. If you have written research papers, then you have indulged yourselves in writing synthesis essays. Academic synthesis demands you to make a clear relationship so that you have deduced from separate and multiple sources.
Before you engage in synthesis essays, you must first understand all the sources that you have. Simply put, you have to be able to summarise these sources. It helps the readers if you can provide partial summaries of sources in synthesis essays. In synthesis writing, you have to transcend the summary and make sound judgements that hinge on your critical reading of the sources.
You ought to be able to deduce conclusions that concern the quality and validity of these sources. Provide the reasons why you agree or disagree with the points that your sources make. You also need to go beyond the critique of respective sources and show how they relate to each other. Synthesis is based on information from two or more sources, and as such, you have to select which information you extract from each source. This will help you to achieve your purpose.
The purpose of your synthesis essays is to read the material and create an understanding that you cause to write your material. Your assignment can be about evaluating a text, argue a position on a topic, and explain the cause-and-effect relationship or even compare and contrast items. Look at many synthesis essays examples to get an idea of what you can do. While it may be easy to use, the same sources in an argumentative essay just like your fellow student use in a compare and contrast essay, the uses of those sources will be different as regards the purposes of that assignment. Whatever you find worthy in a source can be a mention in the passing of your classmate’s assignment.
Using your sources
The purpose of your synthesis essays will determine the parts of the sources that you will use as well as how you show their relationship to one another. A synthesis combines idea, and therefore you must have a premise on which you are good to combine them. Relationships among the material that you use make them worthy of your synthesis, and if you can notice this relationship, you will be able to use them in writing an effective synthesis. The purpose of your assignment will define how you show relationships between the materials. From the above information, we can conclude that a synthesis essay is an arrangement of elements of information that form a connected idea that proves a point.
The difference between synthesis essays and compare-and-contrast essays
There might be similarities between the two, but there exists a noticeable difference between the two essays. From synthesis essays examples, synthesis transcends compare and contrast and is a more complex intellectual task. With a synthesis, you focus on finding the relationships between two things instead of finding the differences and similarities. Whatever information or relationship that comes from the two or more materials, must work together to enhance a deeper understanding of a theme or idea.
Deciding on the synthesis essay topics
A good synthesis essay topic must be debatable on an intellectual level. This gives room for difference of opinion and perspectives on the topic. The opinions can be for or against the topic. It might seem intimidating, but this is what sets a good prompt from a shoddy one. A good topic must stir enough interest for the writers and readers alike. Some of the topics that you can use for your synthesis essay include:
- Is television corrupting our generation?
- Should there be regulations for advertisements to children?
- Should zoos qualify as animal detention?
- Is academic success the only determinant of success in life?
- Is death penalty effective to prevent crime?
- Do videogames propagate violence among kids?
- Should children be allowed to have cell phones?
Starting your synthesis essay
Once you have articulated the final perspective and gauging a deep understanding of the argument, you can start the writing process. With careful planning and calculation, the process of writing synthesis essays should be easy. You start by finalising the argument or your thesis statement. Proofread and edit it severally until you are satisfied with what you see. Remember that it is the premise of your synthesis essay. Once you complete this task, you can embark on writing a rough draft of your essay.
Techniques of developing synthesis essays
Several techniques are applicable when you want to come up with synthesis essays.
This is the simplest and least complicated technique. The best way to organise your synthesis essays is to summarise all the major and relevant sources one by one. However, this technique does not reveal your independence of thought. The advantage is that it gives your paper a strong foundation in the relevant and specific evidence. The summary technique can become effective if it is handled judiciously, selectively and in combination with other techniques. At different points in your synthesis, you will feel like you want to summarize a crucial source in some details or a key section of the paragraph of a source in a single sentence. You have to try to anticipate the knowledge of your audience at any point in your essay. This will help you to understand or fully appreciate the point you are making.
- Example or illustration
At some point in your synthesis essays, you will want to refer to a specific illuminating example from your source material. You can paraphrase it in your own words, summarise it, or quote it directly from the source. In all these instances, you are supposed to give proper credit to your source.
- Two or more reasons
This is an effective method of development. State your thesis and show why it is true using supporting evidence from your sources. Your truth can be advanced by many reasons for your thesis as you can give. As you provide these reasons, save the most compelling ones for the last since your paper conclusion is the one that leaves a vivid memory in the minds of the audience.
If you use this technique, you will be pitching your argument against your thesis, but afterwards, you show the flaws and weaknesses of this argument. This technique allows you to show your cognition of the other side of the argument and how prepared you are to answer it. In this technique, you first present your introduction and thesis and then follow it up with the opposing arguments, a refutation of the opposing argument and the give a positive argument that counters the opposing argument.
Just like the strawman technique, concession presents the opposing point of view, but it does not provide a counterargument. In agrees with the opposing argument justifying its validity. However, the positive argument remains strong. This technique works best if you know your reader holds the opposing argument.
- Comparison and contrast
When you use this technique in your synthesis essays, you examine two subjects or sources regarding one another. The comparison means you compare their similarities and contrast focus n on their differences. This technique calls for a multifaceted analysis that suggests subtleties you might have overlooked. To maximise the effectiveness of this technique, you must carefully read your sources to identify the best criteria for analysis. The best criteria will allow you to account firm obvious similarities and difference between sources and delve deeper into subtler and important differences and similarities. This analysis has two basic criteria for comparison and contrast. You can use by source, or by criteria formula.